Ganaraska Forest:
Historical roots of
Ontario Conservation

Ganaraske (Fr.) - Iroquoian (Cayuga) village - c. 1660 -
"the spawning place"


History 1
History 2
E. J. Zavitz
Chief of Reforestation
V.B. Blake
Pioneer Historian
Blake's Ardfree
A.H. Richardson
Dr. R.C. Wallace "Wallace of Queen's"
G.M. Wrong
History Prof./Author
Lois James
hampion of Rouge













Elizabeth Bacque - aunt of V.B. Blake
Murray Johnson, President Rouge Valley Foundation
John C. Carter, Museum Advisor - Ministry of Citizenship, Culture
Carl Thorpe, retired Manager - Heritage and Libraries Branch, Ministry of Culture
Mark Peacock, Ganaraska Region Conservation Authority
Pam Lancaster, Ganaraska Region Conservation Authority
Larry and Evelyn Hall, Port Hope
Bernadine Dodge, ret. Archivist, Trent University
Paul Litt, Dept. of History, Carlton University
Peter Stokes, Architectural Historian
John Bacher, Author
Cathy Richardson (Daughter A.H.)
Ed Borczon, Forester


A.L.S. Barnes, The Story behind Ontario's 38 Conservation Authorities, Watersheds 5/1 & 2, Spring/Summer 1970

John C. Carter, Ontario Conservation Authorities: Their Heritage Resources and Museums, Ontario History/Volume XCIV, No. 1, Spring 2002

Ganaraska Region Conservation Authority, 2011 website

Hall, H. Duncan and Wrigley, C. C. Studies of Overseas Supply, a volume in the War Production Series published as part of the History of the Second World War. United Kingdom Civil Series  London, 1956, pp. 51

Hurst, D.G. et al (1997) Canada Enters the Nuclear Age. p. 4

Steve Jobbitt, Recivilizing the Land: Conservation and Postwar Reconstruction in Ontario and Postwar Reconstruction in Ontario, 1939-1961, (2001)

Professor Paul Litt, Public Historian at the Ontario Heritage Foundation and  policy advisor for the Ontario Ministry of Culture and a History Professor at Carleton University, Email response, August, 2008

William Lyon Mackenzie King diary October 11, 1945 - Interlude, "War Into Cold War", p. 159

Ontario Ministry Municipal Affairs and Housing, 2011

Mitchell and Shrubsole, Conservation Authorities - Myth and Reality 1992

A.H. Richardson, The Ganaraska Watershed 1944

A.H. Richardson, Conservation by the People: The History of the Conservation Movement in Ontario to 1970, (1974) 

Carl Thorpe, former Manager of Heritage and Libraries Branch, Ministry of Culture - telephone interview  December, 2003

Frank H. Wright, Ontario’s Future? Conservation or Else Toronto: Conservation Council of Ontario, 1940